Headline: Shishak, Jeroboam, Rehoboam, and the Beginning of the Divided Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (931 BC – 925 BC).
Date Range: 931 BC – 925 BC
People: Jeroboam I, Rehoboam, Shishak = Shoshenq I, Solomon
At the end of King Solomon’s life, and shortly after, there were interactions between the king of Israel, the king’s children, and the pharaoh of Egypt (Shishak = Hedjkheperre Setepenre Shoshenq I). This is the time when the United Kingdom of Israel split into the Northern Kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam I and the Southern Kingdom of Judah under Rehoboam. Some information regarding these people and events are recorded in the Bible.
Shishak of the Bible is Shoshenq I, the Berber / Meshwesh founder of the 22nd Dynasty of Egypt. King Solomon, at the end of his reign, treated the Israelites harshly. Rehoboam wanted to continue this harsh treatment instead of listening to the wants and needs of the people of Israel. Rehoboam was never able to gain any significant loyalty or support from the people. For this and because he turned away from God, the United Kingdom of Israel ended.
Timeline and Chronology
926 BC: Siege of Jerusalem by Shoshenq I / Year 5 of Rehoboam.
931 BC: Year 1 of Rehoboam / Jeroboam I (1 Kings 11-14).
943 BC: Year 1 of Shoshenq I.