Headline: Jehoiachin (Jeconiah), Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar II, Neco = Necho II, Psamtik II, Zedekiah, Siege of Jerusalem, and the End of the Southern Kingdom of Judah (605 BC – 587 BC).
Date Range: 605 BC – 587 BC
People: Jehoiachin (Jeconiah), Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar II, Neco = Necho II, Psamtik II, Zedekiah
Nebuchadnezzar II became king of the Babylonian Empire in 605 BC after the death of his father (Nabopolassar) and after he defeated Necho II and the Egyptian army at the Battle of Carchemish. In 597 BC, he captured the king of Judah, Jeconiah, and in 587 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II destroyed Jerusalem and gained control of the Southern Kingdom of Judah.
Bible Verses: 2 Kings 23:28-35, 2 Kings 24, 25:1-21, 2 Chronicles 35:20-27, 36:1-21, Daniel 4:1-5, Jeremiah 46:2
– Battle of Carchemish
– Battle of Carchemish Video
– Jehoiachin (Jeconiah)
– Nebuchadnezzar II
– Nebuchadnezzar II Video
– Necho II
– Neo-Babylonian Empire
– Psamtik II
– Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC)
In the time period between 605 BC and 587 BC, there were a number of significant interactions between Assyria, Babylonian Empire, Egypt, and Judah. The end result was the destruction of Jerusalem and the capture of Judah. These events can be easily placed into a timeline, and they are consistent with Biblical text.
Timeline and Chronology:
587 BC, Av 9 (Tisha B’Av): Siege and capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II.
589 BC: End of reign of Psamtik II.
595 BC: End of reign of Necho II. Start of reign of Psamtik II.
597 BC, March: Capture of Jeconiah. Zedekiah appointed king by Nebuchadnezzar II.
598 BC, December: Start of reign of Jeconiah.
605 BC: Battle of Carchemish. Start of reign of Nebuchadnezzar II.
609 BC, Tishri: Pharaoh Necho II made Eliakim / Jehoiakim king of Judah.
609 BC, Tammuz: Shallum / Jehoahaz III Succeeded King Josiah.
610 BC: Start of reign of Necho II (Dynasty 26).