Headline: Shalmaneser III, Black Obelisk, Jehu, Osorkon II, and the Battle of Qarqar (859 BC – 841 BC).

Image: Black Obelisk Shalmaneser III

Video: King Jehu and The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III

Date Range: 859 BC – 841 BC

People: Ahab, Hadadezer, Jehu, Osorkon II, Shalmaneser III

There are a number of kingdoms and empires that interact during this 18 year time period (859 BC – 841 BC), including: Ammon, Aram-Damascus, Assyria, Edom, Egypt, Israel, Judah, Moab, Phoenicia, and Qedar. Shalmaneser III rose to power in 859 BC, the Battle of QarQar (which involved numerous kings) occurred in 853 BC, and Jehu rose to power in 841 BC.

Bible Verses: 1 Kings 16:29-31, 1 Kings 20, 1 Kings 22:29-40, 2 Kings 3, 2 Kings 9, 2 Chronicles 21:5

Ammon, Edom, Mesha Stele, Moab, Nabatea
Assyrian Empire Map
Battle of Qarqar
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
King Jehu: An Archaeological Biography
Kurkh Monoliths
Osorkon II
Shalmaneser III
Tel Dan Stele
Tyre and Sidon / Phoenicia

The numerous artifacts found throughout the entire region, along with many interactions between many nations, provide significant evidence to piece together a regional sequence of events. If a handful of these artifacts / events can be reliably dated, it fixes the entire sequence of events into a specific time period. What the Bible says about this time period is consistent with what the evidence states about this time period.

Timeline and Chronology
824 BC: Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III.
840 BC: Mesha Stele.
841 BC: Year 1 of King Jehu (2 Kings 9-12) / Year 18 of Shalmaneser III.
c. 842 BC: Tel Dan Stele.
852 BC: Kurkh Monoliths.
853 BC: Battle of Qarqar.
859 BC: Year 1 of Shalmaneser III.

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