Headline: Shalmaneser III, Black Obelisk, Jehu, Osorkon II, and the Battle of Qarqar (859 BC – 841 BC).
Video: King Jehu and The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
Date Range: 859 BC – 841 BC
People: Ahab, Hadadezer, Jehu, Osorkon II, Shalmaneser III
There are a number of kingdoms and empires that interact during this 18 year time period (859 BC – 841 BC), including: Ammon, Aram-Damascus, Assyria, Edom, Egypt, Israel, Judah, Moab, Phoenicia, and Qedar. Shalmaneser III rose to power in 859 BC, the Battle of QarQar (which involved numerous kings) occurred in 853 BC, and Jehu rose to power in 841 BC.
Bible Verses: 1 Kings 16:29-31, 1 Kings 20, 1 Kings 22:29-40, 2 Kings 3, 2 Kings 9, 2 Chronicles 21:5
– Ammon, Edom, Mesha Stele, Moab, Nabatea
– Assyrian Empire Map
– Battle of Qarqar
– Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
– King Jehu: An Archaeological Biography
– Kurkh Monoliths
– Osorkon II
– Shalmaneser III
– Tel Dan Stele
– Tyre and Sidon / Phoenicia
The numerous artifacts found throughout the entire region, along with many interactions between many nations, provide significant evidence to piece together a regional sequence of events. If a handful of these artifacts / events can be reliably dated, it fixes the entire sequence of events into a specific time period. What the Bible says about this time period is consistent with what the evidence states about this time period.
Timeline and Chronology
824 BC: Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III.
840 BC: Mesha Stele.
841 BC: Year 1 of King Jehu (2 Kings 9-12) / Year 18 of Shalmaneser III.
c. 842 BC: Tel Dan Stele.
852 BC: Kurkh Monoliths.
853 BC: Battle of Qarqar.
859 BC: Year 1 of Shalmaneser III.