Headline: Historical, astronomical, and Biblical evidence shows that Jesus was born on Tishri 1, 2 BC and died on Nisan 14, 32 AD.
Date Range: 2 BC – 32 AD
People: Annas, Artaxerxes I, Augustus Caesar, Caiaphas, Daniel, Elizabeth, Herod the Great, Jesus, John the Baptist, Joseph, Lazarus, Mary, Nehemiah, Philip, Pontius Pilate, Quirinius, Tiberius Caesar, Zechariah
Biblical accounts show that John the Baptist was the son of Zechariah, who was of the division of Abijah. This meant that Zechariah served at the Temple on Week 8 or about 56 to 62 days after the Jewish New Year (Nisan 1). This means that John the Baptist was born in the spring. Jesus was born about six months later in the fall. King Herod the Great died on January 10, 1 BC. Jesus was less than 2 years old when Herod died. There was a unique arrangement of the stars and planets between 3 BC and the end of 2 BC, which caught the attention of the Magi. Based upon several points of discussion, John the Baptist was born on or near Passover 2 BC, and Jesus was born on or near the Feast of Trumpets, 2 BC.
John the Baptist began his ministry during the 15th year of Roman Emperor Tiberius. Jesus started His ministry around the age of 30. This means that the miracle associated with the wedding in Cana occurred on Nisan 10, 30 AD. Early historians placed the crucifixion of Jesus Christ in the 4th year of the 202nd Greek Olympiad and during the 18th year of Tiberius. Nehemiah 2:1 places the Artaxerxes Decree in the month of Nisan. John 12:1 places the Triumphal Entry and crucifixion in the month of Nisan. These, along with predictions related to the 70 Weeks of Daniel, place the Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem on Nisan 10, 32 AD, His crucifixion on Nisan 14, 32 AD, and His resurrection on Nisan 17, 32 AD.
– Confirming the Prophetic Date of 445 BC
– Daniel’s 70 Weeks
– Lunar Eclipse of Josephus
– Miracles at the Crucifixion of Christ
– New Light on the Book of Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls
– Prophetic Year Is 360 Days
– Star of Bethlehem
– When Herod the Great Died
1. When was the Artaxerxes I decree, 445 BC or 444 BC?
2. What date does the 69 weeks or 173,880 days of Daniel fall on? What does this day represent?
3. What are the dates of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus?
4. What is John the Baptist’s birthdate?
5. What is Jesus’ birthdate? At what age did Jesus start His ministry?
6. When did King Herod the Great die?
7: What is the significance of the wedding at Cana?
God’s perfect timing. There are many opinions as to when, or even if, Jesus lived. The Bible gives very specific information as to when some events occurred, such as the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar in Luke 3, 69 weeks of Daniel 9, and 9th hour in Mark 15. Combine this with astronomical, historical, and archaeological information collected and analyzed over the years, and we have a good idea as to when Jesus was born and when He was crucified.
Timeline and Chronology:
37 AD, March 16: Death of Tiberius Caesar
32 AD, Sivan 6: Day of Pentecost / Feast of Weeks
32 AD, Nisan 17: Resurrection of Jesus
32 AD: Nisan 14: Crucifixion of Jesus
32 AD, Nisan 10: Triumphal Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem
30 AD, Nisan 10: Jesus turned water into wine / Wedding at Cana.
29 AD: John the Baptist Began Ministry
14 AD, August 19: Death of Caesar Augustus
1 BC, December 29: Partial Lunar Eclipse
1 BC, January 10: Total Lunar Eclipse / Death of Herod the Great
2 BC, Tishri 1: Birth of Jesus
2 BC, Nisan 14: Birth of John the Baptist
4 BC, March 13: Partial Lunar Eclipse
5 BC, September 15: Total Lunar Eclipse
5 BC, March 23: Total Lunar Eclipse