Headline: Melchizedek, Akedah / Binding of Isaac, Jacob’s Dream, Moses’ Tabernacle, Araunah’s Threshing Floor, Solomon’s Temple, Crucifixion of Jesus, Christians

Image: Solomon Temple

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJgt1vRkPbI

Date Range: 970 BC – 931 BC

People: Aaron, Abraham, Araunah the Jebusite, David, Isaac, Jacob, Jesus, Melchizedek, Moses, Paul, Solomon

Solomon was the third son of David and Bathsheba. He reigned for forty years (970 BC – 931 BC). After his death in 931 BC, Israel was split into the Northern Kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam I and the Southern Kingdom of Judah under Rehoboam. Many Biblical scholars agree that Solomon became king in 970 BC, and wrote three books of the Bible: Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon. 1 Kings 6:1 is a critical verse for developing timelines and chronologies during the time of Moses and the Patriarchs. It states that in the 2nd month of the 4th year of the reign of King Solomon, in the 480th year after the Exodus from Egypt, Solomon began to build the temple. This translates to April / May 966 BC, and places the 10th Plague of Exodus on Nisan 14, 1446 BC.

The concept of the temple / tabernacle unfolded throughout the entirety of Scripture. Abraham met Melchizedek king of Salem in the Valley of Shaveh (King’s Valley) (Genesis 14). Abraham bound Isaac for sacrifice on Mt Moriah (Genesis 22), which is the same location as Golgotha, Araunah’s threshing floor (2 Samuel 24), and the Temple Mount. Jacob had his dream somewhere northeast of Beersheba, probably near Jerusalem (Genesis 28). Moses designed a tabernacle based upon instructions provided by God which travelled with them through their journey in the wilderness (Exodus 26). Solomon built the temple on the Temple Mount (1 Kings 6). Jesus was crucified on Golgotha / Mt Moriah / Temple Mount, and has been associated with the order of Melchizedek (John 19, Hebrews 7). Disciples of Jesus the Christ are called to be a living sacrifice (Romans 12).

Bible Verses: Genesis 14:17-24, Genesis 22:2, Genesis 28:10-22, Exodus 26, 2 Samuel 24, 1 Kings 6, 1 Kings 7:21, 2 Chronicles 3:1, John 2:13-25, Romans 12, Hebrews 7

From Abraham to Paul: A Biblical Chronology
Jacob’s Dream Ladder and It’s Relationship to the Temple’s Holy of Holies
Jewish Priestly Garments – Exodus 28 Video
Solomon’s Temple Explained Video
Who Was Melchizedek and What Is the Order of Melchizedek?

Topic Questions:
1. What is the importance of the Order of Melchizedek?
2. Describe the Binding of Isaac / Akedah.
3. What is the significance of Jacob’s dream?
4. Who was Araunah and what does his name mean?
5. When did Solomon begin construction of the temple?
6. What are the names of the two large pillars at the entrance to the temple?
7. Where did the crucifixion of Jesus take place?
8. Describe the importance of Romans 12 to disciples of Christ.

Adam was the first representative of God on earth. He, however, did what was right in his own eyes. Adam and Eve were removed from the Garden of Eden. Yet God created a way for mankind to return to a relationship with Himself. The Bible in its entirety is about the character of God, His desire to have a relationship with us, what He has done to retore that relationship, and what we must do to accept the gift of having a close relationship with our Creator. Melchizedek, the binding of Isaac, Jacob’s dream, Moses’ tabernacle, Araunah’s threshing floor, and Solomon’s temple all describe what Jesus did on the cross for us. Our role is to accept the free gift of salvation and demonstrate it to others.

Timeline and Chronology
931 BC: Death of Solomon / Israel Split Into Northern and Southern Kingdoms
966 BC, Ziv: Start Construction of Solomon’s Temple
970 BC: Death of David / Year 1 of Solomon
1446 BC, Nisan 14: 10th Plague in Egypt

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