Headline: Moses, 10 Plagues, Exodus from Egypt, Amenhotep II, Aaron and the Kohen Gene (1529 BC – 1446 BC)
Date Range: 1529 BC – 1446 BC
People: Aaron, Amenhotep II, Moses
The date and even the existence of the 10th Plague of Egypt is one of the most debated subjects in Biblical history. Many state that the Exodus occurred during the reign of Ramesses II (3rd Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty), and then they add that there is no evidence of the Exodus at this time. The simple answer to that is that they are looking in the wrong place at the wrong time. There is ample evidence, a handful of which is discussed here, to strongly suggest that the Exodus occurred during Year 7 of the reign of Amenhotep II (7th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty). Again, many date his reign from 1427 BC – 1401 BC, but there is significant evidence to conclude that there was a short (two-year) co-regency with his father, Thutmose III, and that he rose to power in the 1450s BC. His unsuccessful expedition into Syria in April of Year 7, his capture of 101,128 slaves in Year 9 (to replace those who left in the Exodus), numerous skin lesions found on his mummified body, and the early death of his first-born son all corroborate Biblical text. 1 Kings 6:1 and Exodus 12 point to the date of Nisan 14, 1446 BC, for the date of the 10th Plague of Egypt.
Another interesting point is that of the Cohen / Kohen Gene. Kohen means “priest” in Hebrew. The Bible describes the role of priests in great detail, and that they are descendants of Aaron, the brother of Moses. DNA testing has concluded that almost 99% of males tested with the Cohen surname contained a specific genetic marker. This genetic marker is significantly less common in non-Cohen males of similar ancestry. Genetics demonstrates what the Bible states: The Kohen priestly line began with Aaron – brother of Moses – and continued for generations. Some of his DNA has been found in modern generations of males.
– Amenhotep II
– Amenhotep II and the Historicity of the Exodus Pharaoh
– Bible Project Video: Exodus 1-18
– Discovery of the Cohen Gene
– Hebrew Meaning of the Name Moses Video
– Map of Ancient Egypt
– Map of Mesopotamia c. 1400 BC
– Royal Precinct at Rameses
– Was Moses’ Name Egyptian?
1. How old was Moses when he and Aaron confronted Pharaoh?
2. What does the name Moses mean?
3. What is the date of the Exodus?
4. Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus?
5. Who found Moses in the water?
6. What is the significance of the name “Cohen?”
This article demonstrates the importance of good evidence, good critical thinking skills, and having the proper worldview. If you allow yourself to have an open and honest look at the evidence presented, it would be dishonest to state that there is no evidence of the Exodus from Egypt. Although there is no artifact stating that the Exodus occurred during the first full Moon in Year 7 of the reign of Amenhotep II, there is ample evidence to demonstrate that the information provided in the Bible is consistent with a mass exodus that occurred during Year 7 of the reign of Amenhotep II.
Timeline and Chronology:
1446 BC, Nisan 17: Crossing the Red Sea
1446 BC, Nisan 14: 10th Plague of Egypt / Year 7 of Amenhotep II
1486 BC: Moses Fled to Midian
1526 BC: Birth of Moses
1529 BC: Birth of Aaron